The US central bank has hiked interest rates again, and warned more rises will be necessary to rein in the rapid pace of price increases.
Forecasts from the Federal Reserve showed the bank’s key interest rate could stand above 5% a year from now.
But policymakers are starting to move more cautiously, following signs that the most severe inflation in decades may be starting to ease.
They agreed to lift the bank’s key interest rate by 0.5 percentage points.
That pushed the target range for the Fed’s benchmark rate to 4.25% – 4.5% – the highest rate in 15 years.
But it was a smaller increase than in recent announcements.
Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said the bank wanted to slow down to see how the economy is responding to the cumulative impact of the hikes, whichhave increased the cost of mortgages, car and business loans, and credit card debt.
But he warned that Wednesday’s rise was “still a historically large increase and we still have some way to go.”
The bank’s moves are being closely watched around the world as the US drives a global shift to higher borrowing costs after years of low interest rates that followed the financial crisis.
The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia were among the countries to increase borrowing costs on Wednesday, citing the Fed.
The Bank of England, which has warned the country is facing its longest recession on record, is expected to announce its own 0.5 percentage point hike on Thursday, after approving an even bigger rise last month. The European Central Bank is poised for a similar move.